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Parent/Guardian & Student Rights

Image link to Fact Sheet for Parents and Guardians

New York State Education Law § 2‑d protects student personally identifiable information (PII) from unauthorized disclosure.

Additionally, this law provides parents/guardians with rights regarding their child’s PII. The parent fact sheet explains these rights.


Parent/Guardian Bill of Rights

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New York State Education Law § 2-d mandates that each educational agency develop a Parent Bill of Rights for Data Privacy and Security. The purpose of this document is to provide information to parents/guardians and students about certain legal requirements that protect personally identifiable information.


Federal Laws That Protect Students


  • Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA)

    The foundational federal law on the privacy of students’ educational records, FERPA safeguards student privacy by limiting who may access student records, specificizing for what purpose they may access those records, and detailing what rules they must follow when accessing the data.

  • Protection of Pupil Rights Amendment (PPRA)

    PPRA defines the rules states and school districts must follow when administering tools like surveys, analysis, and evaluations funded by the US Department of Education to students. It requires parental approval to administer many such tools and ensures that school districts have policies in place regarding how the data collected through these tools can be used.

  • Children’s Online Privacy Protection Rule (COPPA)

    COPPA imposes certain requirements on operations of websites, games, mobile apps, or online services directed to children under 13 years of age, and on operators of other websites or online services that have actual knowledge that they are collecting personal information online from a child under 13 years of age.

  • Children’s Internet Protection Act (CIPA)

    CIPA imposes certain requirements on schools or libraries that receive discounts for Internet access for internal connections through the E-rate program—a program that makes certain communications services and productions more affordable for eligible schools and libraries.


Shoreham-Wading River Annual Notices Relating to Data Privacy & Security

Image link to Annual Notices Related to Data Privacy & Security

Numerous federal laws require school districts to provide students, parents, and/or the public with notices. The information and links below will help you better understand your rights in relation to data privacy & security.